Now you know, 1 tonne paper results from 17 trees. Trees are a major carbon sink and cutting them down leads to increase in greenhouse gas concentration, hence global warming and air pollution.
The paper industry is the third largest source of greenhouse gases. After the tree is cut, the lumber is usually turned into wood pulp, then paper an in the process many harmful chemicals result an are released into the air and water. Often, paper is bleached with chlorine, a harmful chemical that produces a substance called dioxin that accumulates in soil and water, where it’s taken in by plants and animals.
A lot of water and energy is used during the paper making process which translates to reduction in the respective quantities of water and energy, also since oil is used, it leads to air pollution and also climate change. Oil is a great source of carbon dioxide.
After the paper has been used and served its purpose, in comes the issue of disposal, filling up landfills,which are infact great sources of methane gas, another major greenhouse gas. Another method of disposal is through burning which also produces carbondioxide and other harmful chemicals.
It is all a cycle, every little action is of great importance and significance. Change begins at individual level, play your part, use paper sustainably; only when needed, recycle, reduce and reuse. There are also non-wood paper options which include: Kenaf, a cousin to the cotton plant, uses 15-25% less energy than pine to make pulp.
Bamboo, a fast-growing grass produces 4 to 5 times the fiber of the fastest-growing commercial tree species.Agri-Pulp, a combination of agricultural waste along with post-consumer waste to make paper.
Cotton, made from grown cotton that grows in several colors, including green, brown andwhite.
Highest consumers of papers are schools and offices, to ensure proper use of the papers, use both sides, limit printing and make good use of electronic media, use recycled paper, it uses 45% less energy to make than paper made from original wood pulp. For home uses, avoid use of paper towels and instead use cloth that is washable and reusable. Also, use paper that is not treated by chlorine.
Act now, each action is significant in saving our trees and biodiversity.